Types of Vitamins and their Functions 


Vitamins contain small amounts of food. Vitamin chemical and organic compounds found in small amounts in foods. Vitamin is a combined form of energy that provides protection against disease in the body. Vitamin deficiency causes many types of diseases like night blindness, berry-berry, scurvy disease, rickets, ringworm, itching, skin disease, hair loss.

Vitamin is available in only few food items and fruits, what type of fruits and food is there in the vitamin and what is its source. For more information about all the properties of vitamins, you can understand the impure through the article written.


Read more about vitamins –

Vitamin chart

VitaminBenefits of vitaminThe source
Vitamin A ( Retinol )Enhance eye light, cure immunity, relieve body pain, prevent hair loss.Milk, Egg, Fish, Spinach, Meat, Carrots, Beetroot.
Vitamin B1 ( Thiamine)Beneficial for skin, Cures metabolism, Stomach, Kidney, Beneficial to increase obesity.Peanuts, cheese, lentils, cereals, beets, bread, spinach, dry food, meat, bananas, Egg.
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin )Blood cancer, headache, hair problem, hair growth, body pain, heart disease , joint pain.Yeast, milk, lentils, vegetables, fish, spinach.
Vitamin B3 ( Niacin )To enhance the beauty of the skin, increase and purify blood, pain and wounds of injury.Vegetables, lentils, eggs, fruits, beets, cheese.
Vitamin B5 ( Pantothenic )Joint pain relief, spinal cord development and pain relief, correct immunity, increase obesity, increase blood.Meat, milk, spinach, cheese, brinjal, beet, pomegranate.
Vitamin B6 ( Pyridoxine)Immunity, bone strong, body development, to increase obesity, for the treatment of disease.Cheese, eggs, ghee, green vegetable, yellow fruits.
Vitamin B7 ( Biotin)Eye light, heart disease, nails, ability to think strong, skin disease free benefits.Cauliflower, beet, meat, egg, cereal, guava, yellow fruit.
Vitamin B9Skin whitening, spine strong, relieve mental stress, improve digestive power, strengthen thinking ability.Green vegetable, yellow fruits, Milk, Egg, Fish, Spinach, Meat.
Vitamin B11 ( Folic acid )Ringworm, white spots, low blood pressure, body pain, immunity weakening, heart disease.Aloe Vera, lentils, gram, milk, egg.
Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin)Healing the nervous system, strengthening immunity, developing the body, more beneficial for increasing obesity.Meat, milk, eggs, bread, green vegetables, lentils, grains.
Vitamin C ( Ascorbic acid )Lose weight, colds, pneumonia, skin itching, rash, wounds , coronavirus.Tomato, Orange, Spinach, Guava, Beetroot, Pomegranate.
Vitamin D ( Calciferol )skin rashes, skin blackening, blood pressure, digestion, body weakening.Fish, milk, eggs, carrots, lentils, incense, grapes, beets.
Vitamin E ( Tocopherol )Impotence, skin disease, heart, body aches, beautiful skin.Egg, Pomegranate, Banana, Milk, Fish, Yellow Fruit.
Vitamin K ( Phylloquinone )Bleeding, cancer, sugar disease, eye problem, lack of blood in the body, blood clot formation.Green Vegetable, Milk, Fish, Cheese, Egg, Spinach, Fruit.


Types of vitamins


Vitamins various types of sources. (vitamins are of 13 types and some vitamins are water soluble and some are fat soluble. You can get a better understanding of them from the table given below.

Where you will know which vitamins are fat soluble and which vitamins are water soluble vitamins.

Types of vitaminsChemical names of vitaminsFat soluble vitaminsWater soluble vitamins
Vitamin ARetinolYES
Vitamin B1ThiamineYES
Vitamin B2RiboflavinYES
Vitamin B3NiacinYES
Vitamin B5PantothenicYES
Vitamin B6PyridoxineYES
Vitamin B7BiotinYES
Vitamin B9Folic acidYES
Vitamin B11Folic acidYES
Vitamin B12CyanocobalaminYES
Vitamin CAscorbic acidYES
Vitamin DCalciferolYES
Vitamin ETocopherolYES
Vitamin KPhylloquinoneYES


(AWater soluble vitamins

Water-soluble vitamin is a vitamin that dissolves easily in water and works immediately for the tissues of the body. Water soluble vitamins not stored body.


2. Vitamin B1 ( Thiamine )

It is a water-soluble vitamin which is its main source of food and fruits ( peanuts, cheese, lentils, cereals, beets, bread ). Vitamin B1 beneficial for strengthening the nervous system, all skin types, improves digestive power.


3. Vitamin B2 ( Riboflavin )

Riboflavin improves skin and helps in changing the amino acids present in the body.


4. Vitamin B3 ( Niacin )

Protects the skin’s internal melanin substance and strengthens digestive power, which aids digestion of food.


5. Vitamin B5 ( Pantothenic )

It helps in maintaining hormones, to relieve joint pain, to develop spinal cord and to relieve pain.

6. Vitamin B6 ( Pyridoxine )

This vitamin improves the inhibition on the brain’s structure of the brain and strengthens immunity, red blood cells.


7. Vitamin B7 ( Biotin )

Biotin helps to keep skin, hair, nails healthy and is essential to lower blood pressure and sugar levels.


8. Vitamin B9 ( Folic acid )

1. Folic acid helps a lot in the formation of an unborn baby in the womb

2. Recovery of toxins in the body after the DNA has deteriorated.


9. Vitamin B12

Water soluble sources Meat, milk, eggs, bread, green vegetables, lentils, grains.


10. Vitamin C

It leads to bone formation and strengthening. It is very effective in healing wounds in the body and helps in fighting against external bacteria, germs, viruses that enter the body , coronavirus.


(B) Fat soluble vitamins

1. Vitamin A ( Retinol )

Bone, eye, immunity, nervous system and provides protection to maintain it.


2. Vitamin D ( Calciferol )

Vitamin D obtained by consuming food and sunlight.


3. Vitamin E ( Tocopherol )

Tocopherol acts as an antioxidant in the body, which helps in fighting disease and increases the skin whitening.


4. Vitamin K ( Phylloquinone )


Vitamin K cures impotence and helps maintain blood clot and strengthens bone.


Functions and sources of vitamins

1. ( Vitamin A )

Chemical name of Vitamin A Source of vitamin A Benefits of vitamin A Vitamin A deficiency disease Symptoms of vitamin A deficiency Vitamin A deficiency treatment of disease
Retinol Milk, eggs, fish, meat, green vegetables, yellow fruits, grains, spinach, pomegranate, cheese. Eye light, immunity, body pain, preventing hair loss, skin problems, pneumonia disease, strengthening bone. Night blindness, eye pain, lack of sleep, weakness, pneumonia, fatigue, skin rashes, weakened immunity. Night blindness, eye pain, skin disease, sleep deprivation, weakness. Milk, eggs, spinach, cereal, fish, meat, green vegetables, pomegranate, cottage cheese.

2. Fat soluble Vitamin B1 


Chemical name vitamin B1 Source of vitamin B1 Benefits of vitamin B1 Deficiency disease vitamin B1 Symptoms of deficiency vitamin B1 Deficiency treatment of disease vitamin B1
Thiamine Peanuts, cheese, eggs, lentils, grains, beets, bread, spinach, dry food, meat, bananas. heart disease, blood pressure, pregnant woman, mental development of child, purification of red blood. Berry-Berry, blockage in body development, loss of red blood, skin palm, genetic disease, bone weakening. Skin rashes, skin red, body pain, absence of blood purification in the body, mouth ulcers. Peanuts, cheese, lentils, grains, beets, bread, spinach, dry food, meat, bananas.

3. Fat soluble Vitamin B2


Chemical name Vitamin B2 Source of Vitamin B2 Benefits of Vitamin B2 deficiency disease Vitamin B2 Symptoms of deficiency Vitamin B2 Deficiency treatment of disease Vitamin B2
Riboflavin Yeast, milk, lentils, vegetables, fish, eggs, spinach, grains, fruits. Blood cancer, headache, hair problem, hair growth, body pain, heart disease, eyes, blood pressure cure. blood build-up, weakened immunity, all problems occurring in hair, non-growth of nails, disability diseases, increased headache problem, non-growth of body. Headache, vomiting, weakening of digestive power, excess hair fall, less visible eyesight at night and day.  yeast, milk, fish, eggs, spinach, fruits.

4. Water soluble Vitamin B3


Chemical name Vitamin B3 Source of Vitamin B3 Benefits of Vitamin B3 Deficiency disease Vitamin B3 Symptoms of deficiency Vitamin B3 Deficiency treatment of disease Vitamin B3
Niacin Cereals, vegetables, lentils, eggs, fruits, beets, cottage cheese, cauliflower, spinach, tomatoes, grapes, almonds, walnuts, yellow fruits Blood growth and Blood purification, beneficial for healing pain and wounds. All skin problems, injuries and wounds , beauty, immunity weak, heart problem, bone weakness. Digestive power weak ,Liver cirrhosis, Brain disease ,Body pain ,Problem in muscle ,Pain and bone weakening. Nutrients, peas, yellow fruits, cauliflower, spinach, tomatoes, beans, grapes, almonds, grains, vegetables, eggs, fruits, beetroot, cheese.

5. Water soluble Vitamin B5


Chemical name Vitamin B5 Source of Vitamin B5 Benefits of Vitamin B5 Deficiency disease Vitamin B5 Symptoms of deficiency Vitamin B5 Deficiency treatment of disease Vitamin B5
Pantothenic Milk, spinach, cheese, brinjal, beet, pomegranate, rice, wheat, millet, corn, bitter gourd, soybean, cashew, coconut, potato, orange.  removed, heart healthy,   relief, healing immunity, increase obesity, growth of blood, growth of cells. Hair loss , dandruff, joint pain, high blood pressure, headache, bone weakening. Pigment color in childhood, Hair White, (skin disease)
Kidney problems, Body aches , Memory Loss.
 coconut,  cheese, milk, spinach, cheese, beet, pomegranate.

6. Water soluble Vitamin B6


Chemical name Vitamin B6 Source of Vitamin B6 Benefits of Vitamin B6 Deficiency disease Vitamin B6 Symptoms of deficiency Vitamin B6 Deficiency treatment of disease Vitamin B6
Pyridoxine Green leafy spinach, pomegranate, eggs, ghee, grains, wheat, rice, guava, oranges, carrots, beets, tomatoes, gram, peas, soybeans, yellow fruit  eye light, brain development, relieving mental stress, immunity, to increase obesity.  less visible at night, hair loss, weakened immunity, feeling weakness. weakness in eye hair, bone weakening, a decrease in cell growth, spinach, pomegranate, egg, cheese, grains, wheat, guava, Orange, Beetroot Banana and other yellow fruits.

7. Water soluble Vitamin B7


Chemical name Vitamin B7 Source of Vitamin B7 Benefits of Vitamin B7 Deficiency disease Vitamin B7 Symptoms of deficiency Vitamin B7 Deficiency treatment of disease Vitamin B7
Biotin Eggs, beet, green vegetables, fruits, wheat, rice, milk, mangoes, gourd, pomegranate, orange, lemon, cheese, cauliflower, cheese, carrot, pineapple. hair, reduce hair fall, paralysis, blisters, blood buildup, eye light, heart disease, nails, strong thinking ability. Genetic disease, skin disease,  mental illness, complaint of blindness or cataract, skin irritation.  ringworm, skin rash,  flesh muscles, non-growth of capillaries in the brain Madness. egg, beet, green vegetable, fruit, spinach, brinjal, milk, gourd, pomegranate, orange, lemon, cheese, cauliflower, cheese, Carrots, pineapples.

8. Water soluble Vitamin B11


Chemical name Vitamin B11 Source of Vitamin B11 Benefits of Vitamin B11 Deficiency disease Vitamin B11 Symptoms of deficiency Vitamin B11 Deficiency treatment of disease Vitamin B11
Folic acid Lentils, gram, peanut, milk, poultry, green vegetables, dry food. Body development ,Weight gain ,Hair growth, Nail growth ,blood pressure ,blood formation , relief of urination irritation. skin White spots , low blood pressure, body pain, immunity weakness, heart disease, bone weakening, urination. Hair loss, Hair white, Bone weakening, Low intelligence ,Body pain ,
Weakening Immunity.
Fruits, Spinach, Maize, Apple, Milk, Egg, Green Vegetables, Dry Food, Cauliflower, Cheese,  Pomegranate.

9. Water soluble Vitamin B12


Chemical name Vitamin B12 Source of Vitamin B12 Benefits of Vitamin B12 Deficiency disease Vitamin B12 Symptoms of deficiency Vitamin B12 Deficiency treatment of disease Vitamin B12
Cyanocobalamin Vegetable, lentils, grains, meat, milk, rice, wheat, beet, fish, tandoori, apples, carrots, cauliflower, cabbage. Building red blood cells, removing hair problems, heart disease, nervous system, strengthening immunity, developing the body. Loss of appetite, loss of weight, feeling of weakness, weakened nervous system, body pain. body pain,  white spots in the skin, disability, mental diseases,  unhealthy body. Regular intake of carrots, cauliflower, cabbage, capsicum, vegetables, lentils, grains, meat, milk, rice, wheat, beets, fish, tandoori, apples.

10. Water soluble Vitamin C


Chemical name Vitamin C Source of Vitamin C Benefits of Vitamin C Deficiency disease Vitamin C Symptoms of deficiency Vitamin C Deficiency treatment of disease Vitamin C
Ascorbic acid Tomato, aloe Vera, orange, spinach, lemon, beet, cauliflower, cabbage, garlic, milk, ghee, plum, green coriander, mango, gooseberry. curvy disease, lip gloss, skin disease, treatment of coronavirus, cold, gingivitis of teeth, antioxidant, cancer treatment, for skin beauty, heart disease, antibacterial Cancer disease, skin disease, scurvy, coronavirus disease, cold, gum pain, body pain, muscle tension. body pain, fatigue, weight loss, cold, pneumonia, skin palm, rash. Plum, jackfruit, green coriander, mango, gooseberry, tomato, aloe Vera, orange, spinach, lemon, beetroot.

11. Fat soluble vitamins D


Chemical name Vitamin D Source of Vitamin D Benefits of Vitamin D deficiency disease Vitamin D Symptoms of deficiency Vitamin D Deficiency treatment of disease Vitamin D
Calciferol Fish, milk, eggs, carrots, lentils, incense, grapes, apples, pomegranates, soybean, sunflower oil, almonds. Strong bones,  Immunity strong,  metabolism, Rickets, Bone weakening, skin color change, cold , skin rashes, skin blackening, blood pressure. Bone weakening, muscle stiffness, body pain, immunity weakening, body weakness, skin loose. fish, milk, carrot, lentil grapes, apples, pomegranates, sunflower oil, almonds, chickpeas, dry grapes.

12. Fat soluble vitamins E


Chemical name Vitamin E Source of Vitamin E Benefits of Vitamin E Deficiency disease Vitamin E Symptoms of deficiency Vitamin E Deficiency treatment of disease Vitamin E
Tocopherol Egg, Pomegranate, Banana, Milk, Fish, Soybean, Wheat, Rice, Dry Food, Apple, Kiwi. Impotence, skin disease, heart, body pain, skin Body prick, impotence, premature ejaculation, eye, pneumonia, heart disease, weight loss. Lose weight, poor health, premature ejaculation. Eggs, pomegranate, bananas, milk, fish, soybeans, wheat, rice, dry food, apples.

13. Fat soluble vitamins K


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Chemical name Vitamin KSource of Vitamin KBenefits of Vitamin KDeficiency disease Vitamin KSymptoms of deficiency Vitamin KDeficiency treatment of disease Vitamin K
PhylloquinoneVegetable Green, Vegetables Milk, Fish, Cheese, Eggs, Spinach.Bone strengthening, clotting in blood, curing bone breakdown, beneficial for diabetes, cancer, skin beauty.bleeding, cancer, sugar disease, eye problems, lack of blood in the body.Blood clotting ,  Severe pain and bleeding in period , Bleeding in urine.Soybean,Dry Food, Apples, Coconut, Carrots, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Milk, Fish, Cheese, Egg.

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