Hernia types, symptoms, treatment and prevention?

What is Hernia?

Hernia is the bulging and hardening of the skin due to the weakening of the outer skin layer due to internal disturbances of the body. Due to pressure in the inner layer of the skin, the upper layer of the skin protrudes outwards from the normal skin. No specific symptoms of hernia can be felt. It doesn’t cause any particular pain. The hernia can occur in the abdomen or thigh. Some hernia types do not heal. Whereas it can be felt completely fine only after their surgery.

Symptoms of hernia

No specific symptoms of hernia can be felt. Whereas the major symptom of hernia can be seen repeatedly in the affected area, lump or bulge. By touching it, it is felt that the flesh has gathered in one place. The protruding part of the hernia can be felt when you lift or sit or walk. Symptoms can be felt in other types of hernia. For example, shortness of breath, trouble swallowing, burning in the chest, blood in the stool, pain can be felt.

Some types of hernias do not cause any symptoms. While you do not have any information about the symptoms and you also know that you have got hernia disease. If you think that there is a complaint of hernia, then you can get regular check-up done.


Symptoms of hernia

1. Appearance of protruding hernia with swelling in the abdomen.
2. Chest pain.
3. Feeling of pain or itching in the area where the hernia is affected.
4. Too much pain while doing something.
5. Excess skin tension at the affected area of the hernia.
6. Prickly feeling on the skin.

Causes of Hernia

The cause of hernia can be in many ways. It can be congenital or a thinning of the lining at the site of the affected hernia. Hernias can be caused by muscle pressure or weakness. There are other reasons for this which can increase the effect of hernia.

1. Hernia can arise due to tension in the abdomen during pregnancy.
2. May be due to stress at the affected area.
3. Weight gain can lead to such a situation.
4. Hernia can be caused by any other type of problem.
5. Allergies can trigger hyperactivity like any other disease.
6. Due to the pressure of physical activities, such a condition can lead to hernia and disease.


Hernia prevention

1. Control the weight.
2. Do not allow the condition of acidity or gas in the stomach to increase.
3. Do not hold urine when it comes.
4. Protect yourself from injury.
5. Cough prevention.
6. Do not let the condition of stool increase in the stomach, go for defecation immediately.
7. Adopting exercise helps in preventing physical and mental disorders.
8. Drink water to reduce excess toxins.
9. Eat healthy food.
10. Eat foods that increase immunity.

Types of hernia

There are many types of hernias. which can have different effects on the body.

1. Inguinal hernia

This hernia is common among all types of hernia. It is more in almost all people. This type of hernia hole in the abdomen or because of pressure in the muscles.


2. Femoral hernia

This type of hernia is more often in men. Abdomen, Thigh, Leg.


3. Umbilical hernia

Hernia occurs in the weakened area around the navel. Which arises when the weakest muscles of the abdomen come out of the navel. This type of hernia is more felt in men and women.


4. Umbilical hernia

Hernia occurs in the weakened area around the navel. Which arises when the weakest muscles of the abdomen come out of the navel. This type of hernia is more felt in men and women.


5. Incisional hernia

This type of hernia occurs 70% more often in women than in men, if they have had abdominal surgery. This type of hernia often occurs in the weakest part of the abdomen after surgery.

Diagnosis of hernia

The hernia appears to protrude at the affected site. To treat this, the doctor may recommend the affected area to be tested. X ray, CT scan or may apply medicine for a few days to test for hernia.


When to see a doctor

Hernia is a little difficult to feel in the early stages. Whereas the affected hernia can be slightly above the normal skin and in bulge. The hernia emerges by piercing the lower layer of the skin due to the weak lining or internal pressure of the abdomen and thigh. Its types determine how painful and symptomatic it can be. The complaint of someone having a hernia is understandable immediately. Whereas in other hernia types until it is large. Till then it cannot be considered a hernia. If you understand the complaint of hernia or its symptoms, go to the doctor immediately. If it is neglected, then it can become more serious later on.


Hernia treatment

Treatment of Hernia How severe and painful the symptoms are for the patient. Well hernia is one of the incurable disease. It is not treated using symptoms and right time, it can further increase the difficulty in lifestyle. If the hernia is not treated with medicine, then the only treatment is surgery. In surgery, the protruding part of the hernia is removed.


There are some types of hernias like this. It can be controlled with treatment. But it cannot be avoided forever. During this, only one simple and successful treatment of hernia is surgery.


1. Lifestyle changes

Lifestyle changes can help prevent hernia from becoming severe for some time. Hernia disease is an incurable disease. It can aggravate other diseases. Treating it is the only option. To prevent hernia, a person should not consume more and sustainable food. And one should protect oneself from acidity, bending and running, twisting.

1. A person suffering from hernia should avoid smoking, alcohol.
2. Control obesity.
3. Prevent acidity and stomach gas.
4. Physical and mental disorders to control by exercising.
5. Avoided Spicy food fatty food and others.
6. Avoided Acid-producing foods such as lemon.
7. Avoid eating lemon, tomato, orange.
8. Avoid Food to prevent hernia rice, oily and sweet foods.


Hernia surgery

As we all know about hernia till now. This disease comes under the category of an incurable disease. If left untreated, it can become complicated and serious. Or if the hernia enlarges, major surgery and swelling, pain can be felt.

1. Laparoscopic surgery

This is done by a machinery equipment and specialist. In this type of surgery, small instruments and a small incision are made. The affected hernia site does not require much removal. Rather, the hernia is removed by making a small incision. This surgery is used in the low and early stages of hernia. The patient recovers quickly after surgery.


2. Direct surgery or open surgery

Apart from hernia, it is used for other types of diseases. In this, the affected area is numbed and it is removed by making an incision. Whereas this is not the case in laparoscopic surgery. This surgery is larger and may take longer to heal. After performing hernia surgery, a recessed hernia can develop and emerge on the tissue.


Care after hernia surgery

It is not completely cured after hernia surgery. The doctor can do the following several guidelines to cure this disease. Which can help in curing this disease.

1. Take care of tissue after surgery.
2. Keep the weight under control.
3. Do not consume fatty food, oily, spicy at all.
4. Don’t go to work
5. Reduce stress.
6. Do not consume smoking.
7. Avoid the consumption of alcohol and drugs.
8. Just do the exercise lightly.
9. Eat less food and eat healthy food.
10. If there is any problem after hernia, go to the doctor immediately.

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