Diphtheria: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention & treatment


Diphtheria is a serious bacterial infection that affects the mucous membranes of the throat and nose & Infection is easily transmitted from person to person. Bacterial infection can be prevented by medicine it from spreading. Some common symptoms of diphtheria which are similar to other diseases such as – cold, fever, sore throat (sore) cough, swollen glands, weakness, shortness of breath.

Bacterial infection ( diphtheria ) is a that spreads easily from person to person in 15-year-old children and during this period, if not treated properly and with medicine, it can be fatal for the kidney, nervous system and even the heart.


What causes diphtheria?

A type of bacteria called Corynebacterium diphtheriae causes diphtheria. It is usually spread easily from person to person due to bacteria and spread by coming in contact with the affected person through the use of tissue paper, tea, bedspread and in response by the patient such as – coughing, sneezing, breathing This bacterial infection directly affects the mucous membranes.


A person suffering from diphtheria does not show early symptoms, whereas symptoms can be seen after 3 to 4 weeks for the bacteria to multiply and during this time are able to spread easily from person to person.


Diphtheria bacteria are spread through the nose and throat by infected person. Bacteria directly through the nose form a thick layer in the throat which acts as an obstruction in breathing.

Symptoms of diphtheria

Symptoms of Diphtheria In the early stages, its effect does not indicate any disease. While fever, sore throat, cold, swollen glands, shortness of breath can be seen initial symptoms. Diphtheria is a thickened and gray color in the ducts of the throat, which is not present in any other disease.

The following are the symptoms of diphtheria

1. Sore throat.
2. Shortness of breath.
3. Restlessness.
4. Fever.
5. Nervousness.
6. Difficulty speaking.
7. Severe sore throat.
8. Heart palpitations serious.
9. Inflammation of the ducts.


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What are the risk factors for diphtheria?

The risk of exposure to diphtheria is always there for those people where there is no facility of medicine and medicine. You have never vaccinated against diphtheria before. There may be an increased risk of diphtheria if you are in contact with a person suffering from this disease and may increase the risk of kidney, heart, nervous system risk due to delay in drug and vaccine facilities or treatment.

How to prevent of diphtheria?

It can be prevented with antibiotics and vaccines to prevent diphtheria.
Vaccinations and medicines have led to a significant reduction in diphtheria disease cases, but newborns to 15-year-olds are at higher risk of developing the disease. In such a situation, to prevent this disease, by adopting the option given below, the disease can be prevented.

The name of the diphtheria vaccine (DTAP) is given in combination with whooping cough and tetanus. Diphtheria vaccine is given to children from the lower age group to the age of 15 years.

  • 2 months
  • 4 months
  • 6 months
  • 15 to 18 months
  • 4 to 6 years


Diagnosis of diphtheria

Diagnosis of diphtheria If your doctor confirms that its symptoms are similar, he may recommend a sample to be tested from the body.

    • A physical exam may be done to check for lymph gland swelling.
    • In view of the deposition of a thick layer of gray color in the throat, the sample can be sent to the lab for its examination.
    • A sample of tissue in the nose or throat may be taken for examination.
    • Screening for diphtheria infection in the family.


Home remedies for diphtheria

Diphtheria can be completely cured with medicine and vaccine. However, in view of the initial symptoms of diphtheria, home remedies can be adopted. Home remedies can reduce its Diphtheria symptoms while medicine cures it completely or during treatment, home remedies can be adopted. It is completely effective in treating diphtheria.

1. Basil leaves to treat diphtheria

Basil is the best source of antioxidants and antibacterials and home remedies to cure many diseases. Tulsi leaves have antibacterial properties, which are beneficial in the treatment of diphtheria by grinding basil leaves finely or eating it raw to reduce the symptoms of diphtheria disease.


2. Home remedies for diphtheria salt water

Symptoms of diphtheria, to cure home remedies, mixing a mixture of salt with warm water and gargling it is more beneficial in reducing the pain caused by diphtheria disease. Gargling with salt and warm water twice a day is beneficial to reduce the symptoms of diphtheria in the throat. Hot water and salt in the home treatment of diphtheria disease, drinking hot water is beneficial to reduce other diseases cough, cold, sore throat and even obesity.

3. Home remedies for diphtheria garlic

Garlic home remedies to cure many diseases & It has antibacterial and antioxidant properties, which are used in home remedies to cure any disease. Garlic home remedies to reduce the symptoms of diphtheria disease. Grind the garlic finely and hold it in the mouth for a while and then swallow it. Repeating this process repeatedly gives relief from throat pain and reduces the thick layer in the throat.

4. Diphtheria home remedies Lemon and honey.

Lemon and honey are medicinal properties & home remedies to cure many diseases. Lemon is best source of antioxidants and antibacterials. Similarly, honey has similar properties as lemon. In the home remedy of diphtheria, lemon and honey are beneficial in reducing pain in the throat. Mixing one spoon of lemon juice and one spoon of honey and drinking it with 200 ml lukewarm water is beneficial in the treatment of diphtheria. Doing this home procedure twice a day is beneficial in treatment.


5. Drink water to relieve diphtheria disease

To get rid of diphtheria disease, drinking more water gives relief. In this disease, there is often a thick layer of gray color in the throat, due to which there is severe pain in the throat and more difficulty in breathing. To reduce the thick layer of the throat, drinking hot water repeatedly reduces the thick layer.

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Diphtheria FAQs

Q. Is diphtheria an incurable disease?

Ans – Diphtheria is not an incurable disease.


Q. Cause of Diphtheria?

Diphtheria is an infection due to bacterial infection, if a health person comes in contact with the person suffering from one person to another, then he also complains of Diphtheria.


3. Can Diphtheria Symptoms Reduced With Home Remedies?

One should have a good knowledge of home remedies to reduce the symptoms of Diphtheria so that it becomes easy to cure.

4. Is Diphtheria Vaccine Valid?

Diphtheria vaccine is valid for 10 years.

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